• 4.1




Key drivers

Labour Market Participation (3.6)

A greater supply of potential applicants will ease the pressure for Polish firms seeking new workers.

Labour Market Flexibility (6.8)

This year the legal and regulatory framework surrounding the labour market is rated as more restrictive relative to the other 33 markets in the report.

Wage Pressure in High-Skill Industries (3.1)

The wage gap between high-skilled and low-skilled industries has narrowed again. This was driven in part by strong wage-growth in the low-skilled hotel and restaurant and retail industries.


Education Flexibility


Labour Market Participation


Labour Market Flexibility


Talent Mismatch


Overall Wage Pressure


Wage Pressure in High-Skill Industries


Wage Pressure in High-Skill Occupation


Marc Burrage

Managing Director, Hays Poland

View from the Ground

The challenges facing companies in the near future are mainly connected to the shortage of highly skilled professionals, as well as clearly defined expectations from jobseekers when looking for a new role. Due to the insufficient availability of skilled workers, companies are increasingly competing for in-demand experts. As a result, organisations are developing employment strategies that offer decent salaries and interesting career paths – while also providing their current workforce with opportunities to reskill or even change profession. It is becoming crucial for businesses to implement innovative solutions and focus on the competences of candidates, rather than on their professional background or experience. Narrowing the skills gap is one of the key challenges for employers and policymakers alike. Another priority that has already started to effect positive results is the undertaking of initiatives by companies to encourage wider participation in the labour market, from groups such as women and mature workers.

Marc Burrage, Managing Director, Hays Poland

Key Skills in Demand

  • Software Developers
  • R&D, Quality and Automation Experts
  • eCommerce and Digital Professionals
  • Cyber Security Consultants
  • Multilingual Experts (Business Services Sector)

Market Insight

In 2018, the Polish economy expanded by its fastest rate in over ten years, with GDP rising by 5%, boosted in part by large new social benefits programmes raising consumption and a substantial increase in EU funds boosting public sector investment spending. This rapid growth has helped to bring unemployment down to record lows at 3.9%, while the job vacancy rate has reached its highest level since 2007.

Since 2014, the Polish economy has been supported by an influx of foreign workers. They have been attracted by simplified procedures for short-term employment, among other factors, and have played an important role in supporting Poland’s rapidly expanding economy. Foreign workers have been integral to solving Poland’s issues of labour shortages and will continue to be so in the future. Poland’s working-age population is already declining and is forecast to decline at an annual rate of over 1% through the middle of the century – one of the fastest in the world. The country’s ability to attract foreign workers may be threatened in the future if neighbouring countries liberalise their immigration laws for non-EU workers.