in 2017


Key drivers

Talent mismatch (9.9)

An increase in the rate of job vacancies has put considerable upward pressure on France’s score. While still low relative to other countries, the rate is high by the country’s historical standards.

Overall wage pressure (2.2)

Wage pressure on French firms has eased, with real earnings growth expected to be broadly flat this year.

Labour market flexibility (8.4)

France’s labour freedom ranking fell this year, due to labour laws being complex and inflexible.

Education flexibility


Labour market participation


Labour market flexibility


Talent mismatch


Overall wage pressure


Wage pressure in high-skill industries


Wage pressure in high-skill occupation


Tina Ling

Managing Director, Hays France & Benelux

View from the Ground

Economic growth is expected to return to a solid pace of close to 2% over 2018-19 thanks to strong external demand and robust business confidence. Lower labour taxes and labour market reforms should encourage job creation. Inflation is projected to pick up, supported by the strengthening of the economy and an increase in wages. Employment growth proved very strong in 2017 with an extra 300,000 jobs being created. However, it should slow slightly over the next two years with an expected net total of 200,000 extra jobs in 2018. This will be fuelled by the recent changes to the CICE (Tax Credit for Competitiveness and Employment), as the cut to social contributions will likely lead to further job creation as businesses have a lower cost to pay. The unemployment rate is on a downwards trend and should fall from 9.2% in the first quarter of 2018 to 8.2% at the end of 2020, reaching its lowest level since the end of 2008.

Tina Ling, Managing Director, Hays France & Benelux

COUNTRY profile

In 2017, GDP increased by 2.3%. It has slowed markedly in the first half of 2018, reflecting the impact of higher taxes and inflation on consumer purchasing power, and a drop-off in exceptional items such as aircraft sales.

Total employment rose by 1.1% in 2017. This impacted joblessness, with the headline rate falling to 9.4%. It had remained stubbornly above the 10% mark between 2013 and 2016. However, it remains among the highest rates in Western Europe. Unemployment is particularly prevalent for the young and low-skilled workers.

At the same time as unemployment remains high, the number of vacancies increased. Total vacancies stood 10% higher in 2017 than a year earlier. This is suggestive of talent mismatch.

Key skills in demand

  • DevOps Engineers
  • Java Developers
  • Biostatisticians
  • Tax Specialists
  • Construction Engineers