1) International Monetary Fund, “World Economic Outlook, October 2017, Seeking Sustainable Growth: Short-Term Recovery, Long-Term Challenges”, 2017, and David N.F. Bell and David G. Blanchflower, “Underemployment and the Lack of Wage Pressure in the UK”, 2018

2) Gustavo Adler, Romain Duval, Davide Furceri, Sinem Kiliç Çelik, Ksenia Koloskova, and Marcos Poplawski-Ribeiro, “Gone with the Headwinds: Global Productivity”, 2017

3) Robert J. Gordon, “Secular Stagnation: A Supply-Side View”, 2015

4) Dan Andrews, Chiara Criscuolo and Peter N. Gal, “Frontier Firms, Technology Diffusion and Public Policy: Micro Evidence from OECD Countries”, 2015

5) Jonathan Haskel, Stian Westlake, ‘Productivity and secular stagnation in the intangible economy’, 2018

6) International Monetary Fund, “World Economic Outlook, April 2017: Gaining Momentum?”, 2017

7) David Autor, David Dorn, Lawrence F. Katz, Christina Patterson and John Van Reenen, “The Fall of the Labor Share and the Rise of Superstar Firms”, 2017

8) International Monetary Fund, “World Economic Outlook, April 2017: Gaining Momentum?”, 2017

9) David Autor and Anna Salomons, “Is automation labor-displacing? Productivity growth, employment, and the labor share”, 2018

10) Cisco and Oxford Economics, “The A.I. Paradox How Robots Will Make Work More Human”, 2017

11) OECD, “Jobs gap closes but recovery remains uneven”, 2017

12) Joseph Rowntree Foundation, “The links between low productivity, low pay and in-work poverty”, 2018

13) OECD, “Active Labour Market Policies: Connecting People with Jobs”, 2015

14) Luke Martinelli, “Assessing the Case for a Universal Basic Income in the UK”, 2017, and David Autor, “Why Are There Still So Many Jobs? The History and Future of Workplace Automation”, 2015

15) International Monetary Fund, “Regional Economic Outlook: Asia and Pacifi c, May 2017: Preparing for Choppy Seas” 2017

16) International Labour Organisation, “World Employment and Social Outlook – Trends”, 2018

17) International Monetary Fund, “World Economic Outlook, April 2018, Cyclical Upswing, Structural Change”, 2018

18) OECD/European Union, “Matching Economic Migration with Labour Market Needs: Demographic trends, labour market needs and migration”, 2014

19) Daron Acemoglu and Pascual Restrepo, “Secular Stagnation? The Eff ect of Aging on Economic Growth in the Age of Automation”, 2017

20) Alexander Bick, Nicola Fuchs-Schündeln, and David Lagakos, “How Do Hours Worked Vary with Income? Cross-Country Evidence and Implications”, 2018

21) Alexander Bick, Nicola Fuchs-Schündeln, and David Lagakos, “Taxation and Labor Supply of Married Couples across Countries: A Macroeconomic Analysis”, 2017

22) World Economic Forum, “The Global Gender Gap Report”, 2017

23) The advancement gap measures the ratio of female to male legislators, senior offi  cials and managers, and the ratio of female to male technical and professional workers. 24 International Labour Organisation, “World Employment and Social Outlook: Trends for Women 2018 – Global snapshot”, 2018

25) Damian Grimshaw and Jill Rubery, “The motherhood pay gap: A review of the issues, theory and international evidence”, 2015